Ripple CTO shuts down ChatGPT’s XRP conspiracy theory
The OpenAI-created Artificial Intelligence (AI) chatbot tool ChatGPT has been found giving out conspiracy-theory-inspired answers when asked about Ripple Labs’ XRP Ledger (XRPL) blockchain.

Ripple’s chief technology officer has responded to a conspiracy theory fabricated by Artificial Intelligence (AI) tool ChatGPT, which alleges the XRP Ledger (XRPL) is somehow being secretly controlled by Ripple.

According to a Dec. 3 Twitter thread by user Stefan Huber, when asked a series of questions regarding the decentralization of Ripple’s XRP Ledger, the ChatGPT bot suggested that while people could participate in the governance of the blockchain, Ripple has the “ultimate control” of XRPL.

Asked how this is possible without the consensus of participants and its publicly-available code, the AI alleged that Ripple may have “abilities that are not fully disclosed in the public source code.”

At one point, the AI said “the ultimate decision-making power” for XRPL “still lies with Ripple Labs” and the company could make changes “even if those changes do not have the support of the supermajority of the participants in the network.”

It also contrasted the XRPL with Bitcoin saying the latter was “truly decentralized.”

However, Ripple CTO David Schwartz has called the bot’s logic into question, arguing that with that logic, Ripple could secretly control the Bitcoin network as it neither can be determined from the code.

The bot was also shown to contradict its own statements in the interaction, stating that the main reason for using “a distributed ledger like the [XRPL] is to enable secure and efficient transactions without the need for a central authority,” which contradicts its statement that the XRPL is managed centrally.

ChatGPT is a chatbot tool built by AI research company OpenAI which is designed to interact “in a conversational way” and answer questions about almost anything a user asks. It can even complete some tasks such as creating and testing smart contracts.

The AI was trained on “vast amounts of data from the internet written by humans, including conversations” according to OpenAI and warned because of this some of the bot's reponses can be “inaccurate, untruthful, and otherwise misleading at times.”

OpenAI CEO Sam Altman said upon its release on Nov. 30 that its “an early demo” and is “very much a research release.” The tool has already seen over one million users according to a Dec. 5 tweet by Altman.

Ethereum founder Vitalik Buterin also weighed in on the AI chatbot in a Dec. 4 tweet saying the idea that AI “will be free from human biases has probably died the hardest.”


USDC issuer Circle terminates SPAC merger with Concord
Circle is currently the second-largest stablecoin issuer worldwide.

Circle, the issuer of USD Coin, announced the mutual termination of its proposed merger with the special purpose acquisition company (SPAC) Concord Acquisition on Dec. 5. The deal was announced in July 2021 with a preliminary valuation of $4.5 billion and was then amended in February 2022 when Circle’s valuation ballooned to $9 billion. USDC is currently the second-largest stablecoin in circulation, with a market capitalization of $43 billion.

Under the terms of the agreements, Concord had until Dec. 10 to consummate the transaction or seek a shareholder vote for an extension. However, it appears that Concord chose to have the time limit lapse instead. As told by Circle CEO Jeremy Allaire:

“Concord has been a strong partner and has added value throughout this process, and we will continue to benefit from the advice and support of Bob Diamond and the broader Concord team. We are disappointed the proposed transaction timed out; however, becoming a public company remains part of Circle’s core strategy to enhance trust and transparency, which has never been more important.”

Circle further reiterated that it “became profitable in the third quarter of 2022, with total revenue and reserve interest income of $274 million and net income of $43 million.” The company currently has $400 million in unrestricted cash.

While the stakeholders didn’t directly state the reason behind the deal’s fallout, the ongoing crypto winter has led to a spiral of downward revisions for many companies’ valuations. On top of that, SPAC mergers have also performed poorly, with the IPOX SPAC index benchmark falling over 40% since reaching all-time highs in February 2021. Likewise, Israeli cryptocurrency exchange eToro terminated its $10 billion SPAC merger this July after a downward revision to its valuation.


Metaverse comes in second place as Oxford’s word of the year
Goblin mode, metaverse and #IStandWith were Oxford University Press’ shortlisted picks for the 2022 word of the year.

“Metaverse” has come in second to “goblin mode” as the Oxford University Press’ 2022 word of the year after the process was opened up to voters for the first time ever.

In a Dec. 4 announcement, Oxford Languages said the viral term “goblin mode” beat out “metaverse” and #IStandWith to become its 2022 word of the year. According to Oxford’s research, usage of the term metaverse “increased almost fourfold from the previous year in the Oxford Corpus,” driven in part by Facebook’s rebranding to Meta in October 2021.

Metaverse lost to goblin mode, which went viral in February, as it seemingly “captured the prevailing mood of individuals who rejected the idea of returning to ‘normal life’” following COVID-19 lockdowns being lifted in many areas. #IStandWith took third place in the contest, driven by social media hashtags including #IStandWithUkraine following Russia’s invasion of the country in February.

“As we grapple with relatively new concepts like hybrid working in the virtual reality space, metaverse is particularly pertinent to debates about the ethics and feasibility of an entirely online future," said Oxford Languages. "A worthy opponent to ‘goblin mode’, ‘metaverse’ gained voting traction with crypto communities and publications. We see the term continue to grow in use as more voices join the debate about the sustainability and viability of its future."

In the video pitch for ‘metaverse’ released in November, Oxford said the term dated back to “the science fiction novel Snow Crash by Neil Stephenson,” released in 1992.

More than 300,000 people cast votes between the three terms shortlisted by Oxford Languages.

“NFT,” or nonfungible token, won Collins Dictionary’s contest for the word of 2021, while “vax” took first place as Oxford’s chosen word that the same year. The latest results seemingly represent a change in social media fervor around the crypto-related terms, which was reportedly falling in the first quarter of 2022.


This Daily Dose was brought to you by Cointelegraph.

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