We, the bitconers, tend to be Rousseaunian philosophers who natively believe that the human  nature is good in its largest majority (and it's mostly the society  which corrupts us). Consequently, malevolence and bad faith are the  exception to the rule – and not the rule itself. This classical liberal  way of thinking, which opposes the post-9/11 and Patriot Act-driven  assumption that anyone can be a terrorist and should be subjected to  mass surveillance for a greater good, was most notably introduced in the  "proto-crypto" space by Tim May.

In his influential work "The Cyphernomicon: Cypherpunks FAQ and More",  the OC (Original Cypherpunk, that is) describes a strong divide between  privacy and compliance with laws. According to him, we should have  "free speech and privacy, even if it means some criminals cannot be  caught". Correspondingly, the immutable nature of the Bitcoin blockchain  is designed on the basis of this "anarchist" philosophy which makes the  individual responsible for his or her own security, and also creates a  greater demand for trustless systems.

Speaking of trustlessness,  Nick Szabo is definitely one of the most influential ideologues in the  space. Not only that he invented Bit gold (the digital money experiment which is closest to Bitcoin) and  pioneered smart contracts, but he also wrote some excellent research  papers on his blog, Unenumerated.

Szabo famously reminds everybody that trusted third parties are security holes as a way of promoting the idea of "trust minimization" which Bitcoin  champions, encourages individuals to make changes in their lives  autonomously by making their own law, and documents the history of non-governmental money in order to let everybody know that Satoshi Nakamoto's invention is the  culmination of a centuries-long pursuit. Moreover, the cypherpunk will  point out to the fact that trust scales poorly and societies need  automation for the purpose of developing and advancing in a way that's  both peaceful and productive.

We can't end this rundown of  bitcoiners' fundamental beliefs without talking about David Chaum and  his lifelong research in the field of privacy. Thanks to his theory on mixing,  Bitcoin benefits from "Chaumian" CoinJoin implementations such as  Wasabi, Samourai Dojo, and JoinMarket. His concerns for an Orwellian surveillance system date back to 1985, when he wrote "Security Without Identification: Transaction Systems to Make Big Brother Obsolete",  and it's mostly thanks to him that we possess the vocabulary and means  to understand how and why privacy matters in the digital age.

Last  but not least, we must take into consideration the first form of  electronic cash, whose main feature and priority was to enhance  financial transaction privacy. Ecash is Bitcoin's ambitious forefather, whose commercial failure has taught  Satoshi important lessons about decentralization and reliance on trusted third parties. It would have been a lot better if our internet credit  card payments used ecash for maximum privacy, but now we have BTC to  solve some of the issues and give regulators worldwide one big  headache.

In a nutshell, these are the main ideas which construct  the Bitcoin narrative and turn it into the champion of cryptographic  money. While other heavyweights such as Ralph Merkle, Wei Dai, Adam  Back, Hal Finney, and W. Scott Stornetta are responsible for influencing  the technical side of Satoshi, the understanding of the phenomena is a  merit of Chaum, May, and Szabo.

Without the ideologues who shaped  our perception of what digital anarchy implies, we would be looking at  systems that governments and trans-national corporations decided to  keep for themselves while leaving us clueless and stuck in our mundane  ignorance. And in the absence of pioneers to publicly release their experiments on the internet, Satoshi could have felt discouraged from  attempting to publish anything.

When we think about the Bitcoin  creator, it's important to have a greater understanding of the phenomena  and inventions which preceded his emergence. Satoshi was not a god, a  time-traveler, or some sort of artificial intelligence. Satoshi Nakamoto was a brilliant individual who took previous inventions, put them  together, and found ingenious solutions to the shortcomings of his predecessors. His (or her) original design for Bitcoin was far from  perfect, resulted from a long series of attempts to create uncensorable  digital money, and is under a constant process of improvement and  refinement. Therefore, it's important to remember and give credit to  those who made this adventure possible.

​We,  the bitconers, tend to be Rousseaunian philosophers who natively  believe that the human nature is good in its largest majority (and it's  mostly the society which corrupts us). Consequently, malevolence and bad  faith are the exception to the rule – and not the rule itself. This  classical liberal way of thinking, which opposes the post-9/11 and  Patriot Act-driven assumption that anyone can be a terrorist and should  be subjected to mass surveillance for a greater good, was most notably  introduced in the "proto-crypto" space by Tim May.

In his influential work "The Cyphernomicon: Cypherpunks FAQ and More",  the OC (Original Cypherpunk, that is) describes a strong divide between  privacy and compliance with laws. According to him, we should have  "free speech and privacy, even if it means some criminals cannot be  caught". Correspondingly, the immutable nature of the Bitcoin blockchain  is designed on the basis of this "anarchist" philosophy which makes the  individual responsible for his or her own security, and also creates a  greater demand for trustless systems.

Speaking of  trustlessness, Nick Szabo is definitely one of the most influential  ideologues in the space. Not only that he invented Bit gold (the digital money experiment which is closest to Bitcoin) and  pioneered smart contracts, but he also wrote some excellent research  papers on his blog, Unenumerated.

Szabo famously reminds everybody that trusted third parties are security holes as a way of promoting the idea of "trust minimization" which Bitcoin  champions, encourages individuals to make changes in their lives  autonomously by making their own law, and documents the history of non-governmental money in order to let everybody know that Satoshi Nakamoto's invention is the  culmination of a centuries-long pursuit. Moreover, the cypherpunk will  point out to the fact that trust scales poorly and societies need  automation for the purpose of developing and advancing in a way that's  both peaceful and productive.

We can't end this rundown of  bitcoiners' fundamental beliefs without talking about David Chaum and  his lifelong research in the field of privacy. Thanks to his theory on mixing,  Bitcoin benefits from "Chaumian" CoinJoin implementations such as  Wasabi, Samourai Dojo, and JoinMarket. His concerns for an Orwellian  surveillance system date back to 1985, when he wrote "Security Without Identification: Transaction Systems to Make Big Brother Obsolete",  and it's mostly thanks to him that we possess the vocabulary and means  to understand how and why privacy matters in the digital age.

Last  but not least, we must take into consideration the first form of  electronic cash, whose main feature and priority was to enhance  financial transaction privacy. Ecash is Bitcoin's ambitious forefather, whose commercial failure has taught  Satoshi important lessons about decentralization and reliance on trusted  third parties. It would have been a lot better if our internet credit  card payments used ecash for maximum privacy, but now we have BTC to  solve some of the issues and give regulators worldwide one big headache.

In a nutshell, these are the main ideas which construct the  Bitcoin narrative and turn it into the champion of cryptographic money.  While other heavyweights such as Ralph Merkle, Wei Dai, Adam Back, Hal  Finney, and W. Scott Stornetta are responsible for influencing the  technical side of Satoshi, the understanding of the phenomena is a merit  of Chaum, May, and Szabo.

Without the ideologues who shaped our  perception of what digital anarchy implies, we would be looking at  systems that governments and trans-national corporations decided to keep  for themselves while leaving us clueless and stuck in our mundane  ignorance. And in the absence of pioneers to publicly release their  experiments on the internet, Satoshi could have felt discouraged from  attempting to publish anything.

When we think about the Bitcoin  creator, it's important to have a greater understanding of the phenomena  and inventions which preceded his emergence. Satoshi was not a god, a  time-traveler, or some sort of artificial intelligence. Satoshi Nakamoto  was a brilliant individual who took previous inventions, put them  together, and found ingenious solutions to the shortcomings of his  predecessors. His (or her) original design for Bitcoin was far from  perfect, resulted from a long series of attempts to create uncensorable  digital money, and is under a constant process of improvement and  refinement. Therefore, it's important to remember and give credit to  those who made this adventure possible.

Tim May

Prolific writer and ideologue, responsible for documenting and spreading the cypherpunk ethos.

Nick Szabo

Bit gold creator, smart contracts pioneer, researcher in the fields of human evolution and history of money (among many others).

David Chaum

Inventor  of the first form of digital cash, early advocate for privacy,  cryptography pioneer who ran the first blockchain in 1982 at UC  Berkeley.